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The National Capital Region (NCR), also known as Metropolitan Manila is the country’s political, economic, and educational center. The smallest region in the Philippines, it is the most densely populated region which is a home to over 12 million Filipinos. It has sixteen (16) highly urbanized cities composed of Manila, Quezon City, Caloocan, Las Piñas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, San Juan, Taguig, and Valenzuela, all broken down into 1,705 barangays.

History

Shaped by foreign powers, Manila became the capital of the Philippines in 1571 under the Spanish rule. Mariquina also served as the capital from 1898–1899, under the colonization of United States. In 1901, the recreation of Manila at the time of the Philippine Commonwealth was commissioned to create the grand Plan of Manila, composed of the places and parishes of Binondo, Ermita, Intramuros, Malate, Manila, Pandacan, Quiapo, Sampaloc, San Andrés Bukid, San Fernando de Dilao, San Miguel, San Nicolas, Santa Ana de Sapa, Santa Cruz, Santa Mesa and Tondo.

President Quezon established Quezon City in 1939 to be the capital city of the country from 1948-1976. It was returned back to Manila through Presidential Decree No. 940, stating that Manila has always been to the Filipino people and in the eyes of the world, the premier city of the Philippines.

The City of Greater Manila was abolished by the Japanese with the formation of the Philippine Executive Commission to govern the occupied regions of the country. The City of Greater Manila served as a model for the present-day Metro Manila and the administrative functions of the Governor of Metro Manila that was established during the Marcos administration.

On November 7, 1975, Metro Manila was formally established through Presidential Decree No. 824, under the management of the Metropolitan Manila Commission. On June 2, 1978, through Presidential Decree No. 1396, the metropolitan area was declared the National Capital Region of the Philippines, with the President’s wife Imelda Marcos as the first governor.

In 1995, President Corazon Aquino reorganized the structure of the Metropolitan Manila Commission and renamed it to the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, with its chairperson appointed by the President.

Economy

The City of Manila produce industrial-related products such as chemicals, textiles, clothing electronic goods, food, beverages, and tobacco products. The growth in services and industry fueled the expansion in NCR’s construction and manufacturing — making NCR the largest contributor to the country’s production of goods and services at 36.6% GDP. Majority of the micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in operation can also be found in the NCR, with

190,166 business establishments and creating 61.6% of the total jobs generated in the Philippines last 2015.

Number of Establishments and Total Employment in NCR (MSMEs)

Number of Establishments and Total Employment in NCR (MSMEs)

Annual Population Growth Rate by Higly Urbanized City/Municipality: National Capital Region

Highly Urbanized City/Municipality

Population Growth Rate

2010-2015

2000-2010

City of Manila

1.43

0.44

City of Mandaluyong

3.12

1.67

City of Marikina

1.16

0.81

City of Pasig

2.31

2.86

Quezon City

1.17

2.42

City of San Juan

0.12

0.31

Caloocan City

1.18

2.37

City of Malabon

0.65

0.42

City of Navotas

0.03

0.78

City of Valenzuela

1.45

1.71

City of Las Pinas

1.22

1.57

City of Makati

1.85

1.16

City of Muntinlupa

1.78

1.95

City of Paranaque

2.39

2.72

Pasay City

1.12

1.02

Pateros

-0.09

1.12

Taguig City

4.32

3.26

Data Source: Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)

Most multi-national company offices and embassies are situated in Makati, the country’s financial center for business and economic opportunities. Located in the heart of Makati the famous Philippine Bank of Communications (PBCOM) tower, Ayala Center, composed of Glorietta and Greenbelt, and the Rockwell Center. Lucrative location for industries in NCR also includes Bonifacio Global City in Taguig, Ortigas Business Center straddling in the cities of Mandaluyong and Pasig, Alabang in Muntinlupa, Triangle Park and Eastwood City in Quezon City, and Manila Bay City Reclamation Area in the cities of Pasay.

A city of great diversity, Metro manila is also a place of attraction rich in historical, cultural, and religious influences. Interesting places include Rizal Park, The National Museum, Manila Bay, the walled city of Intramuros, the Cultural Center of the Philippines in Makati, Quezon City Memorial Circle and Ninoy Aquino Wildlife Center, and as well as the shopping centers in Ortigas Center.

ABOUT DTI NCR

DTI-National Capital Region (NCR) under the DTI Regional Operations Group (ROG) aims to contribute to the overall goal of inclusive growth through poverty reduction, income and employment generation, and, competitive business environment creation in Metro Manila.

It has four Area Offices that are mandated to monitor and assess trade performance in Area 1 (Manila, Makati, Pasay), Area 2 (Pasig, Taguig, Pateros, Las Piñas, Parañaque, Muntinlupa), Area 3 (Quezon City, Marikina, Mandaluyong, San Juan), and Area 4 (Caloocan, Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela).

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